Basic Comma Rules
about 1 year ago
Basic Comma Rules
1. Use commas to separate three or more words or phrases in a series.
The colors of the flag are red, white, and blue.
I scraped, sanded, and varnished the old chair.
They had money, peace of mind, and even good grammar.
2. Use commas to indicate that a person is being addressed by name.
Fred, did you take the pizza?
Did you take the pizza, Fred?
3. Use commas after phrases, clauses, or small words that introduce the main idea of your sentence.
Included in this group are transition words and phrases such as "however," "nevertheless," "on the other hand," etc.
No, Fred did not take the pizza.
Because Kathy went to the Writing Lab often, she learned to correct all of her grammatical errors.
After the movie, we all went home.
Consequently, Kathy was glad that she went to the Writing Lab.
4. Use commas to set off words, phrases or clauses that comment on or give additional information about the main part of the sentence, or otherwise interrupt the natural flow of the sentence.
Interrupters are also called appositives or non-restrictive elements.
Examples: Chicago, the windy city, is my home town.
Joe, after visiting the Smiths, became a vegetarian.
Priscilla, in the meantime, went skiing.
Everyone did not, as a result, go windsurfing.
5. Use commas before coordinating conjunctions such as "and," "or,", "but" that join two complete sentences, or when the comma is needed for clarity, emphasis, or contrast.
Chicago may be windy, but it's home.
Joe went to the Writing Lab several times, and he's writing better essays as a result.
6. Use a comma before non-essential, modifying elements that follow the words and main clause and provide information that supplements or comments clauses on the basic meaning of the main clause.
I live in New Mexico, the "land of enchantment."
Many college students struggle to pay tuition costs, which are steadily increasing.
7. Use a comma between coordinate adjectives not joined by "and."
Coordinate adjectives each modify the noun independently.
The hiker traveled along the steep, narrow trail.
In the above sentence, both "steep" and "narrow" modify "trail." Thus they are coordinate adjectives. Do not use a comma between adjectives that are not coordinate -- that do not both modify the same noun.
The team members all wore lime green jackets.
In the above sentence, "lime" modifies "green," not "jackets."
8. Use a comma when noting dates and addresses.
It was on April 16, 1963 that Martin Luther King wrote his famous letter.
Veggie-matics can be ordered from Cheapstuff Inc., 10000 First Avenue N.E., New York, New York 10070.
Outline for a Paragraph Essay
about 1 year ago
Outline for a Five-Paragraph Essay
Title: ____________________ Name:______________________
- Introductory statement:_______________________________________
- Thesis statement: ____________________________________________
- First Supporting Idea (Topic Sentence): _________________________
- Second Supporting Idea (Topic Sentence):_______________________
- Third Supporting Idea (Topic Sentence): ________________________
- Closing statement:__________________________________________________
- Restate thesis: _____________________________________________________
about 1 year ago
My Book of Memories
During this year you will write a book of memories. It will consist of your memories and thoughts from your life. You will be entering high school soon and this memory book will be a project you can look back on to see where you came from and where you thought you were going. Your finished book will be due at the end of the 3rd marking period, however you should begin now and work on it at least once a week for the remainder of the term in order to complete it on time without rushing.
The final product will be presented to me in book form. It must be bound, not stapled. You will have an opportunity to use the spiral binding machine at the school. You must include a cover page designed by you.
Your Book of Memories must include the following 10 chapters, Table of contents, Dedication page, and epilogue:
Chapter 1: Who Am I? (Who are you? Where do you live?
What are you life goals? How do you expect to reach
those goals?) FIVE PARAGRAPH FORMAT
Chapter 2: Before I Was, There Were ( Your parents,
grandparents, aunts, uncles, older cousins, and siblings
and anybody who may not be a relative but who has
helped to pave the way for your family.) LETTER FORMAT
Chapter 3: Suddenly, I Became Me (Earliest memories: people,
places, events, all those cute things that you did when
you were tiny, that your mother, father, grandparents
or guardians tell you about.)
FIVE PARAGRAPH FORMAT
Chapter 4: School Bells (Your earliest years in schoolK through
3learning to read, special school programs, special teachers,
and special friends, favorite subject) POETRY FORM-
Chapter 5: I Grew Up Here (Describe your town, neighborhood,
rural community) FIVE PARAGRAPH FORMAT
Chapter 6: My First Boyfriend/Girlfriend (That first crush in
elementary school) If you didnt have one, you can substitute
the following topic:
Lets Go to the Movies (Favorite movies at different
times in your life: childhood, early teen years, and now)
Chapter 7: I wish I Could See ___________ Again (Tell about a childhood
friend that you have no contact with any more but would like to see
again.) ANY FORMAT (JOURNAL)
Chapter 8: Middle School (Fears, emotions, how you have changed,
teachers, friends, activities, successes, heartbreaks) FIVE
Chapter 9: Lets Take a Vacation ( A memorable trip you took with
family or friends or a trip you would like to take)
Chapter 10: High School Expectations (What do you expect high school
to be like? What are your fears? What are you looking forward to most?
Where do you expect to be in 10 years) FIVE PARAGRAPH FORMAT
Epilogue: If I could change one thing about my character, I would
FINISHED BOOK: DUE APRIL 20th or Sooner
If your Book of Memories is compete and shows creativity and thought, your overall grade will be no less than 180 points out of a possible 200 points. The more thorough and creative you are in decorating your book cover, pages and sections, the higher your grade will be. Possible ideas for decoration may include drawings, pictures, photographs, newspapers, or brochures. Any book that does not contain all 10 chapters, table of contents, dedication page and epilogue will receive a lower grade, regardless of how fancy it is. Any book that has been obviously Thrown together, which demonstrates an extreme lack of effort, will not be graded.
§ All deadlines must be met on time. A rubric will be given for each chapter assignment and a point value will be assigned.
§ Your final project will be a major portion of your nine weeks grade. I highly recommend you begin developing ideas without hesitation.
§ Evidence of the writing process must be included in your final draft.
§ Common conventional errors should not exist within your writing. We will be focusing on those types of conventions when assessing your writing during this assignment.
§ ASK A LOT OF QUESTIONS!!!!! THERE SHOULD BE NO MISUNDERSTANDINGS!!!!!
Materials: Some materials will be made available to you by the teacher, but students may need the following:
- Cardstock (heavy paper found in the scrapbook section)
- Stickers (letters and numbers)
- Pattern paper
Acquired Island Project
7th Grade English
Background Information: You and your group have just received an island of you very own to govern. The United States has sent out you and your group to set up a government on a deserted island that the U.S. has decided to buy. There is no hope of being transferred to another place for many years. Your job is to map out the uncharted island, including how you intend to survive. There are no previous settlers on the island. You must also decide how you will govern yourselves; including what rules you will follow to live peacefully among your group.
Details of Assignment:
- Design a map of your deserted island. The map must include:
- A title
- Location; directional arrows, climate conditions, latitude/longitude coordinates
- Places: human characteristics, physical characteristics
- Scale (example1 inch = 50 miles)
- Color: neatness and completeness are very important
- Use of poster board (will be provided)
- Each group member must make a journal with seven ½ page entries to be handed in with the project, describing what the island looks like and what life is like living on the island with the other group members. There should be no spelling, grammatical, or other mechanical errors. These are designed to be seven different days (they shouldnt be consecutive days, however). These should be stapled and handed in upon completion.
- As a group, make a list of the laws/rules that you think will be necessary to successfully operate your new community. This list must be neat, legible, and turned in with your finished project.
- Refine your list to the five most important rules/laws. Explain why you chose each of these rules. Be very specific. This list and explanation must also be turned in with the finished product.
- Each group must also design a visitors pamphlet that highlights your new island. Sell your island, make it appealing to people.so they will either visit or move there.
In your journal entry, include information about what the island is likedescribe the island, including
- The islands climate
- Physical features
- Foods available
- What does it take to gather the food?
- Clothing (because yours will wear out)
- What will you do for shelter and warmth/or shelter from the sun?
- How do you get along with others?
- What do you do to pass the time?
- If there is a disagreement, how is it settled, etc?
- Punishment for breaking laws/rules
about 1 year ago
Seventh Grade English Notebook Criteria
· Students should have a 3-ring binder dedicated to this class
· First and last names, period of class, Mrs. Siples English all need to appear on the cover of the notebook. (Must be easily seen and spelled correctly!)
· Students should have dividers that clearly divide their notebook into the required sections. (homemade or store bought)
· Each section must be clearly labeled and spelled correctly
· Class syllabus must appear at the beginning of your notebook and must remain there for the duration of the school year.
Sections (in order)
o Includes: Readers Log, Alternative Book Report paper
*** A new rubric will be given each nine weeks for students to follow***
Siple's AR Requirements
about 1 year ago
Mrs. Siples Accelerated Reader (AR) Program
All of my students will be using the Accelerated Reader (AR) computer program to track their reading comprehension for their SSR novels. SSR will remain the same and will continue to be graded each Monday. However, you will now be required to take an AR quiz on each book you complete.
· Each nine-week grading period academic students will need to earn at least 10 points.
· Each nine-week grading period advanced students will need to earn at least 20 points.
· You will need to take an AR quiz for each book you finish, and print out a copy of your results for Mrs. Siple.
· AR quizzes can be taken during your study hall or ninth periods. See Mrs. Siple for passes.
· Students will no longer be required to fill out a paper from their file folders for each book they finish.
· You will be given a final AR grade at the end of each nine-week grading period.
Things to know:
· The AR program ranks books on a point system according to reading level, length, etc.
· Before you pick a book, check to make sure you know how many points it is worth. (All of Mrs. Siples books have been checked and there is a list for you to look up the point amount for each book.)
· When taking the quiz, your final grade on that quiz will determine the points you earned.
· You can only take each quiz once. There are no re-takes!
AR GRADING RUBRIC
English 7 Course Syllabus
about 1 year ago
7th Grade English Syllabus
Course Description: Seventh grade English will include the study and enhancement of grammar, composition, and literature. This course will allow each student to develop and demonstrate a variety of communication skills, improve his/her weaknesses and utilize his/her strengths.
Materials: The materials you will need to bring everyday to class are as follows:
- Writing Utensil- a pencil or pen (as long as it is not red ink or is difficult to see)
- Notebook- Your notebook should have plenty of room for notes as well as handouts. Your notebook needs to be kept together and as neat as possible. A 3-ring binder would be best.
- Book(s)- You will be responsible to bring a SSR book of your choosing to class everyday. Students will be required to read a certain number of minutes per week.
- Journal Writing
- Public Speaking
- Short Stories
- PSSA Prep
- The Hunger Games
- 5 paragraph essays
- Be quiet and in your assigned seat when the bell rings.
- No talking while the teacher is talking.
- Be prepared and on time for class.
- Raise your hand before speaking.
- Stay in your seat at all times unless instructed otherwise.
- Keep your hands to yourself.
All rules of conduct set forth by the Curwensville School District must be followed and practiced while on school property. District rules and policies can be found in your student handbook. It is your job to become familiar with these rules. Please feel free to ask me any questions you may have.
- Attendance/Tardiness/Makeup Work- It is your job to be on time and prepared for class. Once the bell rings for class to begin, you should be in your seat and quiet. Those who are tardy will be given three chances before a misconduct report will be filed. Please be prompt. If you should miss class for any reason it is your responsibility to come to the teacher to ask about what you missed and to receive any missed work. You have an equal amount of days to complete work/test as you were absent. For example, if you were absent two days, you have two days upon your return to hand in your work or see me for a test and so forth. However, please remember that work that was assigned while you were present is still due on your first day back.
- Homework- Students will receive at least two homework assignments a week. All homework assignments must be turned in on time, (not by the end of the day, assignments must be handed in when asked for or they will be considered late and not accepted) and I must be able to identify the homework as the assigned work, it must be neatly written or typed, and it must have the appropriate heading.
- Your Name
- Mrs. Siple
- Date (9-1-14)
- English, Your grade. Your period (English 7.2)
- Restroom and Hall Passes- Students should come to class prepared. This means you should not have to return to your locker for any reason. Bring all of your needed materials to class before the bell rings. You will be permitted to use the restroom between bells and during the last ten minutes of class if you haven’t used your allotted five restroom passes per marking period. Students must sign out before taking the pass. Please fill in all of the required times when signing out.
- Grading: The following is a tentative grading system that is subject to change depending on the amount of material covered each nine weeks.
- Homework- There will be several homework grades throughout each marking period. Grades will be given on a point scale. For example, after a reading assignment you are required to answer 7 questions. The total possible points you can get is 7.
- Tests- 100 points each
- Quizzes-same as homework
- Projects and essays- 100 points each
- SSR (see grading scale on SSR time sheet) 9 per marking period
- Accelerated Reader (AR)-100 points each marking period
I verify that I have read all the above information along with the SSR Reader’s Log, and I fully understand Mrs. Siple’s classroom rules and polices and grading system.
Print Name__________________________ __________________________
Please return to Mrs. Siple
Video Literature Elective
about 1 year ago
7th Grade Video Literature Syllabus
Course Description: Are you a movie buff? Book buff? Which do you normally like better – the movie or book version of a literary work? In this elective, students develop skills in critical thinking and reading by reading and viewing literary works. The course will focus on reading skills and other literary elements such a plot, characters, dialogue, mood, tone, and climax. Students will use conventional literary elements to determine the differences and/or similarities between books and the film versions of the books.
This full-year elective will use high interest young adult novels and their corresponding movies to pull readers in to the wonderful world of literature. Of course this elective will use Common Core Standards and provide rigorous lessons to challenge students.
Materials: The materials you will need to bring everyday to class are as follows:
· Writing Utensil- a pencil or pen (as long as it is not red ink or is difficult to see)
· Notebook- A “journal” will be provided by the teacher.
· Folder- You will get a lot of handouts. A two-pocket folder is needed to keep yourself organized.
· Book(s)- Novels will be provided by the teacher.
· Catching Fire
· Ender’s Game
· The Lightning Thief
· The City of Ember
· Literature Circles:
· Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone
· Diary of a Wimpy Kid
Be quiet and in your assigned seat when the bell rings.
No talking while the teacher is talking.
Be prepared and on time for class.
Raise your hand before speaking.
Stay in your seat at all times unless instructed otherwise.
Keep your hands to yourself.
Attendance/Tardiness/Makeup Work- It is your job to be on time and prepared for class. Once the bell rings for class to begin, you should be in your seat and quiet. Those who are tardy will be given three chances before a misconduct report will be filed. Please be prompt. If you should miss class for any reason it is your responsibility to come to the teacher to ask about what you missed and to receive any missed work. You have an equal amount of days to complete work/test as you were absent. For example, if you were absent two days, you have two days upon your return to hand in your work or see me for a test and so forth. However, please remember that work that was assigned while you were present is still due on your first day back.
Homework- Students will receive at least two homework assignments a week. All homework assignments must be turned in on time, (not by the end of the day, assignments must be handed in when asked for or they will be considered late and not accepted) and I must be able to identify the homework as the assigned work, it must be neatly written or typed, and it must have the appropriate heading.
Restroom and Hall Passes- Students should come to class prepared. This means you should not have to return to your locker for any reason. Bring all of your needed materials to class before the bell rings. You will be permitted to use the restroom between bells and during the last ten minutes of class if you haven’t used your allotted five restroom passes per marking period. Students must sign out before taking the pass. Please fill in all of the required times when signing out.
Grading: The following is a tentative grading system that is subject to change depending on the amount of material covered each nine weeks.
Homework- There will be several homework grades throughout each marking period. Grades will be given on a point scale. For example, after a reading assignment you are required to answer 7 questions. The total possible points you can get is 7.
Tests- 100 points each
Quizzes-same as homework
Projects and essays- 100 points each
Reader’s Journal: Students are responsible for ACTIVELY participating in their reader’s/viewing journal. Journals will be checked many times throughout the year.